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National Minimum Wage Rise from April 2018

National Living Wage (NLW) rates (for those over 25 years old) and National Minimum Wage (NMW) rates (for those under 25 years old) are to rise from 1 April 2018.

The NLW increase of 33p represents a 4.4% rise, equivalent to an annual increase of about £600 for a full-time worker.

In summary and effective 1 April 2018 the follow minimum wage rates will apply

Year 25 and over 21 to 24 18 to 20 Under 18 Apprentice *
April 2017 £7.50 £7.05 £5.60 £4.05 £3.50
April 2018 (new rates) £7.83 £7.38 £5.90 £4.20 £3.70

* The apprentice rate is for apprentices aged 16 to 18 and those aged 19 or over who are in their first year. All other apprentices are entitled to the National Minimum Wage for their age.

The Government has previously said it plans to raise the national living wage to £9 per hour by 2020.

Ensure your payroll procedures are up to date. For further details and more rates visit gov.uk

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Optimal Directors’ Salary and Dividend Mix for 2017-18

Probably the most important post of the year for limited company directors!

Question: What’s the most tax efficient salary and dividend mix for the 2017/18 tax year?

An owner managed limited company will usually pay their directors / shareholders with a mix of salary and dividends.

The level of the director’s salary is usually set in order to avoid any income tax and national insurance. On this basis the recommended remuneration package for 2017/18 is:

Upper limits for 2017/18

Salary – per annum: £8,164 (last year £8,060)
Salary – per month: £680 (last year £671)

Dividend – per annum: £36,836 (last year £34,940)
Dividend – per month: £3,069 (last year £2,911)

It should be noted that since the introduction of the dividend ordinary tax rate of 7.5% on dividends over £5,000 there will be a personal tax bill of £2,138 (last year £2,025) if dividends are paid all the way up to the basic rate limit of £45,000 (last year £43,000).

For those companies that also have non-director employees on the payroll then they will continue to benefit from the Employment Allowance which reduces the company’s Class 1 National Insurance contributions (Employer’s N.I.) by up to £3,000.

In such cases there may be an opportunity for directors to eke out a little more tax savings by paying themselves a salary of £11,500 and dividends up to a maximum of £33,500 (the overall tax saving between the director and the company being around £234).

This second option will not be the best fit for everyone. More that ever, personal circumstances must be carefully considered to give the best results.

Each client of Massey Accounting Company will be receiving a personalised recommendation shortly.


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We have two videos to help on ourYouTube-logo-full_colorchannel; and for regular tax-tips follow our blog on Google+ or click +Follow at the bottom of this page.


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What happens if you don’t comply with Automatic Enrolment?

What happens if you don’t comply with Automatic Enrolment or you miss your staging date?

The Pension Regulator will initially focus on educating employers who miss their staging date deadline however persistent and deliberate non-compliance can lead to penalties of between £50 – £10,000 per day. Ultimately criminal prosecution can ensue. For more information please visit The Pension Regulator.

For those who get around to meeting their duties only after their staging date has passed then the consequences include, at a minimum, additional admin and professional fees, and you will be required to back-date any missed contributions (in some cases you may also need to pay the late employees contributions on their behalf).

Massey Accounting Company is starting its communication with each of its employers between 6 – 12 months before their staging date. If you need any help or just a have a question, please don’t hesitate to let us know.

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Budget 2016 – A Business Owners Guide

The Budget 2016 was by and large welcomed by small businesses. Notable for plans to scrap business rates for properties with a rateable value of £15,000 or less from April 2017 (up from £6,000) and a further planned reduction in the corporation tax rate to 17% from April 2020 (the current corporation tax rate is 20%, reducing to 19% from 1 April 2017).

Download here our more detailed: Guide to Budget 2016.

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We have two videos to help on ourYouTube-logo-full_colorchannel; and for regular tax-tips follow our blog on Google+ or click +Follow at the bottom of this page.


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National Living Wage to replace National Minimum Wage from April 2016

The National Living Wage of £7.20 per hour will become the new minimum pay rate for those aged 25 and over starting 1 April 2016.

Slightly confusingly the two terms National Minimum Wage (NMW) and National Living Wage (NLW) will now run in tandem but basically:

If your employees are aged 25 and over they will be entitled to the £7.20 National Living Wage.

Under 25 years old and they will be entitled to the National Minimum Wage of £6.70. Although there are lower rates for those under 21 or on an apprentice scheme. See our post regarding NMW for more details.

It seems that the change needs highlighting because we’ve become accustomed to the NMW rise on 1 October each year. But on 1 April 2016 many of your employees will be entitled to their second pay rise in 6 months. Please be sure to plan for the additional costs and adjust your payroll settings accordingly.

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We have two videos to help on ourYouTube-logo-full_colorchannel; and for regular tax-tips follow our blog on Google+ or click +Follow at the bottom of this page.


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Optimal Directors’ Salary for 2016-17

Probably the most important post of the year for limited company directors!

If you’re looking for the 2017/18 optimal directors’ salary, check out this year’s post here. Otherwise for our 2016/17 article read on.

An owner managed limited company will usually pay their directors’ / shareholders’ with a small salary + dividends.

The level of the director’s salary is usually set in order to avoid any income tax and national insurance. On this basis the recommended remuneration package for 2016-17 is:

Upper limits for 2016-17

Salary – per annum: £8,040 (last year £8,040)
Salary – per month: £670 (last year £670)

Dividend – per annum: £34,960 (last year £30,891)
Dividend – per month: £2,913 (last year £2,574)

It should be noted that with the introduction of the dividend ordinary tax rate of 7.5% there will be a personal tax bill of £2,025 if dividends are paid all the way up to the maximum basic rate limit of £34,960 (yes, that’s a personal tax bill of up to £2,025 compared to £nil last year!).

For those companies that also have non-director employees on the payroll then they will continue to benefit from the Employment Allowance which reduces the company’s Class 1 National Insurance contributions (Employers N.I.) by up to £3,000 (last year £2,000).

In such cases there may be an opportunity for directors to eke out a little more tax savings by paying themselves a salary of £11,000 and slightly lower dividends of £32,000 (the overall tax saving between the director and the company being around £237 (last year £203)).

This second option will not be the best fit for everyone. This year, more that ever, personal circumstances must be carefully considered to give the best results.

Each client of Massey Accounting Company will be receiving a personalised recommendation shortly.


Enjoy saving tax?

We have two videos to help on ourYouTube-logo-full_colorchannel; and for regular tax-tips follow our blog on Google+ or click +Follow at the bottom of this page.


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Check out our new whiteboard animation

Please check out our newly created 2 min. whiteboard animation. Comments and feed-back are welcome! Please feel free to share.

 

Enjoy saving tax?

We have two videos to help on ourYouTube-logo-full_colorchannel; and for regular tax-tips follow our blog on Google+ or click +Follow at the bottom of this page.